cultural evolution

The Cultural Evolution of Love in West Africa in the First Half of the 20th Century

Victor Karandashev

The transformation of Lagos, Ibadan, Onitsha, Port Harcourt, and other southern Nigerian cities into first-class colonial urban centers, along with the concomitant rise in literacy among many people, was essential to the cultural evolution of love in West Africa. Growing Interest in […]

The Challenges of Love Marriages for African Men and Women

Victor Karandashev

In the second half of the 20th century, social and economic modernization transformed traditional African marriages. Urbanization and social mobility were key contributors. Many young men and women moved to the cities. The new labor market and many new urban jobs superseded […]

What Is “Romantic” in Romantic Love Across Cultures?

Victor Karandashev

Once, Western historians and literary scholars believed that “romantic love” was invented by West-European civilizations during the Medieval and Early Modern periods. Beginning with the “courtly love” (amour courtois) of the 12th and 13th centuries in France, Spain, and Germany, the presence […]